Otto Ludwig Preminger was an Austro-Hungarian-born director.
Otto Preminger has directed more than 35 films in the field for ten years after leaving the theater. He began to pay attention to the mysteries of film noir such as Laura (1944) and Fallen Angel (1945), and in the 1950s and 1960s, he directed the high adaptation of popular novels and stage activities. Several of these recent films pushed for restrictions on processing by dealing with Hollywood ideological themes, such as drug addiction (The Man with the Golden Arm, 1955), rape (Anatomy of a Murder, 1959), and homosexuality (Advise & Permission, 1962). He has been nominated twice for an Academy Award for Best Director. He also had several role-playing roles.
Otto Preminger was born in 1905 in Wischnitz, Bukovina, in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. His family was of Jewish descent. His parents were Joseph (née Fraenkel) and Markus Preminger.
After the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914, which led to the Great War, Russia plunged into the war on the Serbian side. Bukovina was attacked by the Russian Army and the Preminger family fled. Like many other refugees, Markus Preminger saw Austria as a haven for his family. He obtained the position of the public prosecutor in Graz, the capital of Syria. By the time the Preminger family emigrated, Otto was nearly nine, and he enrolled in a school where Catholic teaching was compulsory and Jewish and religious history had no place in the system. Ingo, not yet, lives at home.
A year later in Graz, the decisive public prosecutor was summoned to Vienna, where he was given a higher office, which is probably equivalent to that of the United States Attorney General. Markus was told that his position would be his only if he converted to Catholicism, which he refused to do. The following year, he moved his family to Vienna, where Otto later said he was born.
Preminger’s first ambition was to become an actor. In his early teens, he was able to memorize many of the great monologues from around the world, and he was not shy about seeking an audience. Preminger’s most successful performance at the National Library rotunda was Mark Antony’s funeral talk from Julius Caesar. While studying, watching, and after fashion began to produce plays, she began to miss many classes in school.
When the war ended, Markus made his law. He instilled in both his sons a sense of equality and respect for those with conflicting views. As his father’s practice continued to flourish in postwar Vienna, Otto began to think seriously about theater work. In 1923, when Preminger was 17, his forthcoming adviser, Max Reinhardt, a well-known director born in Viennese, announced plans to establish a theater company in Vienna. Reinhardt’s proclamation was seen as a preeminence for Preminger. He started writing to Reinhardt every week, asking for a test. A few months later, Preminger, frustrated, gave up and stopped his daily visits to the post office to check the response. Unbeknownst to her, the letter was awaiting the date of the two-day trial conducted by Preminger.
He is committed to the commitment to the university (where his parents want him to be) and to his new positions as a student of Reinhardt. The two developed a relationship of counseling and professionalism, becoming more confident with teachers. At the opening of the theater, on April 1, 1924, Preminger appeared as a furniture conductor in Reinhardt’s Carlo Goldoni comedy The Servant of Two Masters. His later appearance came the next month with William Dieterle. Other notable students Preminger also worked with Mady Christians that year, who died of a stroke after being included in the blacklist during McCarthy’s era, and Nora Gregor, who was to play in Jean Renoir’s La Règle du jeu (1939).
In April 1935, while Otto Preminger was sharpening the boulevard farce, The King with Umbrella, received a summons from American filmmaker Joseph Schenck at a five-hour meeting at the Imperial Hotel. Schenck and my partner, Darryl F. Zanuck, his Twentieth Century-Fox counterparts, were looking for new talent.
Otto Preminger first assignment was to repair Lawrence Tibbett’s car. Preminger worked extremely well, completing the film well within the budget. The film was released in November 1936. Zanuck commissioned Preminger to direct another comedy film B-picture screwball Danger – Love at Work. Simone Simon was thrown out but later fired by Zanuck and replaced with Ann Sothern. The basis was that eight members of the eccentric, wealthy family inherited his grandfather’s land, and the protagonist was a lawyer tasked with persuading the family to give the land to a company that believed there was oil in the area. One of the female members of a wealthy family offers a romantic interest.
Otto Preminger and his wife, Marion, were increasingly separated. He lived as a bachelor, as happened when he met burlesque artist Gypsy Rose Lee and began an open relationship with him.
Lee had already tried to get involved in movie roles, but he was not taken seriously as a detective. He appeared in B pictures with lesser roles. Preminger’s relationship with Lee produced a child, Erik. Lee rejected the idea that Preminger should help feed the child and instead asked for a peace oath from Preminger: he would not disclose who Erik’s father was, including Erik himself. Lee called the boy Erik Kirkland after her husband, Alexander Kirkland, who was divorced at the time. It was not until 1966 when Preminger was 60 years old and Erik was 22, that they finally had a son.
Preminger died at his home on the Upper East Side in Manhattan in 1986, at the age of 80, from lung cancer while suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. She is survived by three children; Her son, Erik, and twin daughters are divorced from their marriage to Hope Bryce.
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